Maxime Mauduy est post doctorant au LPCN. Il a soutenu sa thèse de doctorat en psychologie le 4 février 2022, intitulée « Rôle des normes sociales dans la production et compréhension de l’effet d’hypocrisie induite. Application à la prévention des discriminations ».
En collaboration avec d’autres membres du LPCN, il vient de publier un nouvel article :
Mauduy, M., Mauny, N., & Mange, J. (2022). Tobacco Dependence Among French University Students: A Cluster Analytic Approach to Identifying Distinct Psychological Profiles of Smokers. Journal of Drug Issues. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/00220426221107560
Celui-ci a été accepté par la revue Journal of Drug Issues (SCIMAGO-SCOPUS Q2, SJR 2021 0.43, IF 1.670, H-index 56).
Il est accessible sur la collection HAL du LPCN
This study investigates the combination of several psychological factors related to tobacco smoking to identify smokers’ psychological profiles among French university students. A cluster analysis was performed on smoking motives, psychosocial variables, and the smoker identity (N = 909). Five profiles were identified and then compared regarding tobacco dependence and motivations to quit. “Normative” and “sociohedonist smokers” are characterized by two distinct social factors (normative influences and social motives) and moderate dependence. “Dependent identified smokers” have higher levels of dependence motives, smoker identity and tobacco dependence associated with low motivations to quit. “Inconsistent smokers” have weak smoker identity and weak smoking motives, a strong perceived control over resisting smoking, low dependence and motivations to quit. “Coping smokers” have strong sedative and addictive motives and exhibit moderate dependence and motivations to quit. This research encourages prevention programs to consider the diversity of student smokers with strategies adapted to their psychological profiles.
smoking psychosocial factors, smoking motives, smoker identity, university students, tobacco dependence
Pauline Rasset est ingénieure d’études au LPCN. Elle a soutenu sa thèse de doctorat en psychologie le 11 février 2022, intitulée « La stigmatisation publique de la défiguration faciale, étude des liens entre attention visuelle, réactions affectives et cognitions déshumanisantes ».
Son nouvel article, vient d’être publié :
Rasset, P., Montalan, B., Mauny, N., Boudjemadi, V., & Mange, J. (2022). Not All ‘Intouchables’: Variations in Humanness Perceptions between Physical and Mental Disability. International Review of Social Psychology, 35(1), 7. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/irsp.596
Celui-ci a été accepté par la revue International Review of Social Psychology (SCIMAGO-SCOPUS Q1, SJR 2021 1.15, IF 3.67, H-index 21).
Il est accessible à partir de ce lien.
People with disabilities remain discriminated against, especially those living with mental disabilities compared to those living with physical disabilities, which might be rooted in a dehumanization process. Because there is evidence pointing to a tendency to dehumanize people with mental disabilities, the aim of this research (N = 559) was to demonstrate the differences in humanness attributions to people with mental and physical disabilities. The results showed that people with mental disabilities are perceived as being less human than people with physical disabilities, whether it be on blatant or subtle measures of dehumanization. More specifically, whereas dehumanization was clearly evidenced for people with mental disabilities, there was no evidence found concerning the dehumanization of people with physical disabilities. The latter were even attributed more humanness-related characteristics than people without physical disabilities. Therefore, contrasted humanness attributions between people labeled as having mental or physical disabilities should be taken into consideration if the image of people with disabilities is to change.
Physical disability, mental disability, social judgments, subtle dehumanization, blatant dehumanization